Lemaireocereus griseus (Haworth) Britton & Rose

Publication Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 12(10): 425, pl. 67 (1909).
Basionyme Cereus griseus Haworth

Synonyme de

Stenocereus griseus (Haworth) Buxbaum

Commentaires

Publication:
"THE GENUS CEREUS AND ITS ALLIES IN NORTH AMERICA.

Lemaireocereus griseus (Haw.). PLATE LXVII.
Cereus griseus Haw. Syn. Pl. Succ. 182. 1812.
Cereus eburneus Salm-Dyck, Obs. Bot. 6. 1822.
Echinocactus pruinosus Otto; Pfeiff. Enum. Cact. 54. 1837.
Cereus pruinosus Otto; Först. Handb. Cact. 398. 1846.
Cereus clavatus Otto & Dietr. Allg. Gartenz. 6: 28. 1838.
Cereus laevigatus Salm-Dyck; Cact. Hort. Dyck. ed. 2. 204. 1850.
Type locality: South America.
Distribution: Mexico to Venezuela.
Explanation of Plate LXVII.-From a photograph taken by Mr. G. N. Collins. Scale about 7/8."

Des mêmes auteurs: The Cactaceae 2: 87-88, fig. 129 et Plate XII fig.2 (1920):
"3. Lemaireocereus griseus (Haworth) Britton and Rose, Contr. U. S. Nat. Herb. 12:425. 1909.
Cereus griseus Haw. Syn. Pl. Succ. 182. 1812.
Cereus eburneus Salm-Dyck, Observ. Bot. 3: 6. 1822.
Cereus crenulatus griseus Salm-Dyck in Pfeiffer, Enum. Cact. 85. 1837.
Cereus eburneus polygonus Pfeiffer, Enum. Cact. 91. 1837.
Cereus resupinatus Salm-Dyck, Allg. Gartenz. 8: 10. 1840.
Cereus gladiger* Lemaire, Hort. Univ. 6: 60. 1845.
*At place cited, by error spelled gladiiger, which some have cited as gladilger, thus making another error.
Plant 8 meters high or less, sometimes branching at the base, sometimes with a definite trunk up to 3.5 dm. in diameter, smooth when old; branches 8 to 10-ribbed, more or less glaucous; spines acicular, gray, the longer ones 4 cm. long; flower-bud obtuse or rounded at apex, covered with overlapping scales, these obtuse and brown; flowers pinkish, 7 cm. long; inner perianth-segments white; style exserted before the flower opens; fruit subglobose, about 5 cm. in diameter, spiny, edible, the pulp red.
Type locality: South America, but no definite locality cited.
Distribution: Northern coast of Venezuela and adjacent islands; Curaçao; Aruba; Bonaire; Margarita; Patos Island, Trinidad; and now cultivated in many parts of tropical America for its delicious fruits.
Cereus polygonatus (Pfeiffer, Enum. Cact. 91. 1837) was given as a synonym of C. eburneus polygonus.
Cactus coquimbanus, a Chilean species, has sometimes been confused with this species.
Cereus gladiger, sometimes referred to Cels and sometimes to Lemaire as the author, seems to have come originally from Columbia.
In this species as well as in many others, abnormal forms occur, among which is C. eburneus monstrosus Salm-Dyck (De Candolle, Prodr. 3: 465. 1828).
Cereus enriquezii (Monatsschr. Kakteenk. 19: 92. 1909) was sent to Europe from Jalapa, Mexico, by Señor Murrilo. It is considered by W. Weingart to be C. eburneus monstrosus.
The common cultivated species of Mexico seems to belong here.
According to Boldingh, this cactus is known in the Dutch West Indies as daatoe, kadoesji, and jaatoe. It is widely grown on Curaçao Island as a hedge plant, where the branches are planted close together in rows.
According to Captain Lens, poor people in Curaçao use the fleshy branches as a vegetable. Mr. Harold G. Foss states that in the region of Coro, Venezuela, the natives use the wood in making the roofs and walls of their houses. The heart wood is split into two pieces and then tied to the rafters so as to form the support for the mortar and tiles. The wood is rich in potash, and the ash from it is shipped in large quantities to the United States for use as a fertlizer.
Illustration: Contr. U. S. Nat. Herb. 12: pl. 67.
Plate XIII, figure 2, shows the top of a plant collected on Curaçao. Figure 129 is from a photograph taken by Mrs. J. N. Rose on the same island in 1916."

avec complément dans l'Appendix de The Cactaceae 2: 225 (1920):
"Lemaireocereus griseus. (See page 87, ante.)
Both Cereus eburneus Salm-Dyck and Cactus eburneus Link (Enum. Hort. Berol. 2: 22) were published in 1822 and to both Cactus peruvianus Willdenow (Enum. Hort. Berol. Suppl. 32. 1813) was referred. Willdenow's plant, from the description, suggests a Cephalocereus but is referred to Cereus eburneus by the Index Kewensis. Link also refers it to Hortus Dyckensis and to Haworth (Syn. Pl. Succ. 179), while Salm-Dyck's description indicates that he had a plant before him different from Willdenow's. The Cereus eburneus described by Pfeiffer (Enum. Cact. 90) was certainly a complex, a part coming from Curaçao and a part from Chile. For this reason, doubtless, Schumann (Gesamtb. Kakteen 59, 108) has referred both names to Cereus coquimbanus and Cereus eburneus."

et dans l'Appendix de The Cactaceae 4: 273 (1923):
"On page 87, vol.II, under Lemaireocereus griseus, add to illustrations: Monatsschr. Kakteenk. 24: 5, as Cereus eburneus; Ann. Rep. Smiths. Inst. 1908: pl. 9, f. 5."

Étymologie

Lemaireocereus: en l'honneur du botaniste français Charles Lemaire (1800-1871), cierge de Lemaire.
griseus: du latin griseus, gris, en référence à la couleur pruinée des tiges.

Numéros de collecte

Vous pouvez chercher les numéros de collecte pour cette espèce dans :

Forum

Vous pouvez faire une recherche sur le forum.

Auteur

philippe (contacter l'auteur ou écrire aux admins de l'encyclopédie)
Fiche créée le 24/12/2004.


Ajouter à vos listes :
J'en propose
   
J'en cherche
   
Une de mes préférées
    aide sur les listes

Espèce proposée par :
Aucun membre :-(
Plus de photos de Lemaireocereus griseus avec Google images.

Fiches de botanistes :

image non disponible Britton, Nathaniel Lord
image disponible Haworth, Adrien Hardy
image disponible Rose, Joseph Nelson

Fiche du genre :

image disponible Lemaireocereus (Britton & Rose)

Synonymes :

Aucune fiche.

Espèces du même genre :

image disponible Lemaireocereus hollianus (F.A.C.Weber) Britton & Rose




Encyclopédie des Cactus, Plantes Grasses et Succulentes
https://www.cactuspro.com/encyclo